Research article

Impact of P fertilisation on the growth performance of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in a lignite post-mining area in Germany

Michael Kanzler , Christian Böhm, Dirk Freese

Michael Kanzler
Chair of Soil Protection and Recultivation, Brandenburg University of Technology, Konrad-Wachsmann-Allee 6, D-03046 Cottbus, Germany. Email: kanzlmic@b-tu.de
Christian Böhm
Chair of Soil Protection and Recultivation, Brandenburg University of Technology, Konrad-Wachsmann-Allee 6, D-03046 Cottbus, Germany
Dirk Freese
Chair of Soil Protection and Recultivation, Brandenburg University of Technology, Konrad-Wachsmann-Allee 6, D-03046 Cottbus, Germany

Online First: January 30, 2015
Kanzler, M., Böhm, C., Freese, D. 2015. Impact of P fertilisation on the growth performance of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) in a lignite post-mining area in Germany. Annals of Forest Research DOI:10.15287/afr.2015.303


Due to its ability to grow on marginal sites black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) has been widely planted as a short rotation coppice (SRC) system that produce a renewable biomass feedstock in several post-mining areas of East Germany. However, as most of these sites are still in an initial stage of reclamation with low humus and nutrient contents, phosphorous can play a significant role as a plant limiting factor, because legumes require more P than other plants for their development. In April 2011, two experiments were conducted to evaluate the influence of higher rates and different applications of phosphorus fertiliser on the nutrition, survival, and biomass production of two different-aged black locust SRC plantations on the post lignite-mining site “Welzow-Süd”, situated in NE Germany. Treatments were applied as triple superphosphate (30, 60 and 120 kg P ha-1) and PK fertiliser (60 kg P ha-1) through broadcasting or banding on recently harvested or planted trees, respectively. Soil, leaf and woody biomass data were analysed utilising the Mann-Whitney U test and the Spearman correlation coefficient (rS). Following two growing seasons, it was observed that the total dry weight yields of the black locust seedlings were increased strongly by up to 8 times when compared to the control group, particularly when TSP was applied through banding. P fertilisation, however, did not affect the biomass yield of six-year-old black locust trees, but P concentration in leaves among treatments of both sites was still significantly increased and sufficient from a quantity upwards of 60 kg P ha-1. Taken together, a comparably moderate amount of P fertiliser (60 kg ha-1) had a strong impact on P uptake and growth performance in the examined black locust seedlings, which reveals a high potential to improve the current fertilisation practices for SRC black locust plantations grown on our research site.


Abarchi I, Zhang ZY, Vanlauwe B, Guo XP, Wang WM, Ong'or BTI, Timbely D (2009) Effects of Plant Age and Rock Phosphate on Quality and Nutrient Release of Legume Residue. Pedosphere 19: 78-85. DOI: 10.1016/S1002-0160(08)60086-7

Aiello AS, Graves WR (1996). Two leguminous tree species differ in growth and ion uptake in Hoagland solution: Phosphorus toxicity in Amur maackia. Journal of Plant Nutrition 19: 1061-1073. DOI: 10.1080/01904169609365180

Antonijevic MM, Dimitrijevic MD, Milic SM, Nujkic MM (2012) Metal concentrations in the soils and native plants surrounding the old flotation tailings pond of the Copper Mining and Smelting Complex Bor (Serbia). Journal of Environmental Monitoring 14: 866-877. DOI: 10.1039/c2em10803h

Barrington SF, Cap R, Le Phat Q (1994) In-storage composting of solid dairy manures. Canadian Agric. Eng. 36: 225–230

Bergmann W., 1993. Nutritional disturbances of cultivated plants. (Ernährungsstörungen bei Kulturpflanzen). 3rd Edition. Gustav Fischer Verlag. Jena. Stuttgart. 835 p.

Böhm, C., Quinkenstein, A. and Freese, D. (2011). Yield prediction of young black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) plantations for woody biomass production using allometric relations. Annals of Forest Research. 54 (2), 215–227

Böhm C., 2012. Economic and ecological evaluation of agroforestry systems in farming practice. (Ökonomische und ökologische Bewertung von Agroforstsystemen in der landwirtschaftlichen Praxis).Verbundvorhaben AgroForstEnergie. Abschlussbericht Teilvorhaben 2: Rekultivierungsfläche in Brandenburg: 1-125.

Böhm C, Quinkenstein A, Freese D (2011) Yield prediction of young black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) plantations for woody biomass production using allometric relations. Annals of Forest Research 54: 215-227

Böhm (2012) unpublished data

Bongarten BC, Huber DA, Apsley DK (1992) Environmental and Genetic Influences on Short-Rotation Biomass Production of Black Locust (Robinia-Pseudoacacia L.) in the Georgia Piedmont. Forest Ecology and Management 55: 315-331. DOI: 10.1016/0378-1127(92)90108-L

Boring LR, Swank WT (1984) The Role of Black Locust (Robinia-Pseudoacacia) in Forest Succession. Journal of Ecology 72: 749-766. DOI: 10.2307/2259529

Brady NC, Weil RR (2008) The nature and properties of soils. 14th Edition. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall

Brown KR, van den Driessche R (2005) Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilisation on the growth and nutrition of hybrid poplars on Vancouver Island. New Forests 29: 89-104. DOI: 10.1007/s11056-004-5418-4

Bungart R, Hüttl RF (2001) Production of biomass for energy in post-mining landscapes and nutrient dynamics. Biomass & Bioenergy 20: 181-187.DOI: 10.1016/S0961-9534(00)00078-7

Crous JW, Morris AR, Scholes MC (2008) Growth and foliar nutrient response to recent applications of phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) and to residual P and K fertiliser applied to the previous rotation of Pinus patula at Usutu, Swaziland. Forest Ecology and Management 256: 712-721 DOI: 10.1016/ j.foreco.2008.05.024

Flinn DW, James JM, Hopmans P (1982) Aspects of Phosphorus Cycling in Radiata Pine on a Strongly Phosphorus-Adsorbing Soil. Australian Forest Research 12: 19-35

Fohse D, Claassen N, Jungk A (1991) Phosphorus Efficiency of Plants .2. Significance of Root Radius, Root Hairs and Cation-Anion Balance for Phosphorus Influx in 7 Plant-Species. Plant and Soil 132: 261-272

Freese D., 1988. Impact of different melioration means and procedures on the P-nutrition and other soil fertility indexes of reclaimed lignite mine soils (Einfluss verschiedener Meliorationsmittel und -verfahren auf den P-Zustand und andere Bodenfruchtbarkeitskennziffern rekultivierter Braunkohlen-Kippensubstrate),204 p.

Freese D., Pagel H., Katzur J., 1989. Phosphorus status and dynamic in reclaimed mine soils. (P-Zustand und P-dynamik rekultivierterKippenböden). Wiss. Zeitschrift der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. Agrarwiss 38: 33-37.

Kippenböden. Wiss. Zeitschrift der HumboldtUniversität zu Berlin. Agrarwiss 38: 33-37

Gillespie AR, Pope PE (1990a) Rhizosphere Acidification Increases Phosphorus Recovery of Black Locust .1. Induced Acidification and Soil Response. Soil Science Society of America Journal 54: 533-537. DOI: 10.2136/sssaj1990.03615995005400020041x

Gillespie AR, Pope PE (1990b) Rhizosphere Acidification Increases Phosphorus Recovery of Black Locust .2. Model Predictions and Measured Recovery. Soil Science Society of America Journal 54: 538-541. DOI: 10.2136/sssaj1990.03615995005400020042x

Grünewald H, Böhm C, Quinkenstein A, Grundmann P, Eberts J, von Wühlisch G (2009) Robinia pseudoacacia L.: A Lesser Known Tree Species for Biomass Production. Bioenergy Research 2: 123-133. DOI: 10.1007/s12155-009-9038-x

Heinsdorf D., 1976. Study on the effect of mineral fertilisation on the growth and nutritional status of pine cultures on common reclaimed mine soil forms of the Lower Lusatia (Untersuchung über die Wirkung mineralischer Düngung auf das Wachstum und den Ernährungszustand von Kiefernkulturen auf verbreiteten Kippenbodenformen der Niederlausitz. Beiträge für die Forstwirtschaft 4: 185-197.

Heinsdorf D., 1987. Results of a nutrient- deficient experiment for black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) on unprocessed mine spoils. Ergebnisse eines Nährstoffmangelversuchs zur Robinie (Robinia pseudoaccacia L.) auf Kipprohböden. Beiträge für die Forstwirtschaft 21: 13-17.

Heinsdorf D., 1992. Studies on fertiliser demand of forest cultures on unprocessed mine spoils in Lower Lusatia. (Untersuchungen zur Düngebedürftigkeit von Forstkulturen auf Kipprohböden der Niederlausitz. Habil., TU-Dresden, Fakultät f. Bau-, Wasser- und Forstwesen, Dresden. Hoffman G., 1991. Soil analysis (Die Untersuchungen von Böden). VD-LUFA-Methodenhandbuch Bd. 1. 4. Aufl . VDLUFAVerlag. Darmstadt.

Horst W., Waschkies C., 1987. Phosphorus nutrition of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in mixed culture with white lupin (Lupinus albus L.). (Phosphatversorgung von Sommerweizen (Triticum aestivum L.) in Mischkultur mit Weißer Lupine (Lupinus albus L.)). Z. Pflanzenernaehr.

Bodenkd. 150: 1-8. DOI: 10.1002/jpln.19871500102. DOI: 10.1002/jpln.19871500102

Jamer B, Buresh RJ, Place FM (1998) Sesbania tree fallows on phosphate-deficent sites: Maize yield and financial benefit. Agron. J. 90: 717 – 726. DOI: 10.2134/agronj1998. 00021962009000060001x

Jensen RR, Brake SS, Wolf SF, Bekker MF, Hardin PJ, Jackson MW (2010) Chemical element concentrations in black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) and green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh.) leaves at the reclaimed Green Valley coal Mine, Indiana, USA. Environmental Earth Sciences 60: 1391-1405. DOI: 10.1007/s12665-009-0275-2

Jungk A, Claassen N, Schulz V, Wendt J (1993) Availability of Phosphate Reserves in Arable Soils. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenernährung und Bodenkunde 156: 397-406. DOI: 10.1002/ jpln.19931560504

Katzur J., Hanschke L., 1990. Plant yields on ameliorated sulphurous mine soils and pedological targets of agricultural reclamation (Pflanzenerträge auf meliorierten schwefelhaltigen Kippböden und die bodenkundlichen Zielgrößen der landwirtschaftlichen Rekultivierung).Arch. Acker-Pflanzenbau Bodenkd 34: 35-43

Keskin T, Makineci E (2009) Some soil properties on coal mine spoils reclaimed with black locust (Robinia pceudoacacia L.) and umbrella pine (Pinus pinea L.) in Agacli-Istanbul. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 159: 407-414. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-008-0638-2

Lammers A., 1997. Phosphate forms and release in intensive fertilised soils in Europe (Phosphatformen und Phosphatfreisetzung in hochgedüngten Böden Europas). München: Herbert Utz Verlag.

Landgraf D., Heydeck P., 2014. Fungal infections of recently planted black locust stands (Pilzinfektionen in neu begründeten Robinienbeständen. AFZ der Wald 2: 44-45.

Marschner H, Marschner P (2012) Marschner's mineral nutrition of higher plants. London; Waltham, MA: Elsevier/Academic Press.

Mengel K, Kirkby EA (2001) Principles of plant nutrition: Kluwer Academic Publishers. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-010-1009-2

Misra RK, Turnbull CRA, Cromer RN, Gibbons AK, LaSala AV, Ballard LM (1998) Below-and above-ground growth of Eucalyptus nitens in a young plantation - II. Nitrogen and phosphorus. Forest Ecology and Management 106: 295-306. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-1127(97)00320-4

Nichols DG, Beardsell DV (1981) Interactions of Calcium, Nitrogen and Potassium with Phosphorus on the Symptoms of Toxicity in Grevillea Cv Poorinda Firebird. Plant and Soil 61: 437-445. DOI: 10.1007/BF02182024

Ntayombya P, Gordon AM (1995) Effects of Black Locust on Productivity and Nitrogen Nutrition of Intercropped Barley. Agroforestry Systems 29: 239-254. DOI: 10.1007/ BF00704871

Pagel H., Schmieder E., Benkenstein H., 1982. Influence of many years of differentially oriented fertilisation on capacitance, quality and intensity values of the soil phosphate based on a statistical nutrient-deficiency-experiment in Thyrow (Einfluß langjährig differentierter Düngung auf Kapazitäts-,Qualitäts- und Intensitätswerte des Bodenphosphats im statischen Nähstoffmangelversuchs thyrow. Archiv für Acker- und Pflanzenbau und Bodenkunde 26: 654 -655.

Pope P, Andersen C (1982) Biomass yields and nutrient removal in short rotation black locust plantations. Proc. Central Hardwood For. Conf.: 244-256

Reed SC, Seastedt TR, Mann CM, Suding KN, Townsend AR, Cherwin KL (2007) Phosphorus fertilisation stimulates nitrogen fixation and increases inorganic nitrogen concentrations in a restored prairie. Applied Soil Ecology 36: 238-242. DOI: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2007.02.002

Reinsvold RJ, Pope PE (1987) Combined Effect of Soil-Nitrogen and Phosphorus on Nodulation and Growth of Robinia-Pseudoacacia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 17: 964-969. DOI: 10.1139/x87-150

Rice SK, Westerman B, Federici R (2004) Impacts of the exotic, nitrogen-fixing black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) on nitrogen-cycling in a pine-oak ecosystem. Plant Ecology 174: 97-107. DOI: 10.1023/B:VEGE.0000046049.21900.5a

Römer W, Lehne P (2004) Neglected P and K fertilisation in organic farming reduces N-2 fixation and grain yield in a red clover-oat rotation. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science-Zeitschrift Fur Pflanzenernahrung Und Bodenkunde 167: 106-113. DOI: 10.1002/jpln.200320337

Schaaf W (2001) What can element budgets of false-time series tell us about ecosystem development on post-lignite mining sites? Ecological Engineering 17: 241-252. DOI: 10.1016/S0925-8574(00)00142-7

Schachtman DP, Reid RJ, Ayling SM (1998) Phosphorus uptake by plants: From soil to cell. Plant Physiology 116: 447-453 DOI: 10.1104/pp.116.2.447

Scheffer F., Schachtschabel P., 1998. Soil science (Lehrbuch der Bodenkunde. 14th Edition. Ferdinand Enke Verlag, Stuttgart

Schramel, P., Xu, L., Knapp, G., Michaelis M (1993) Multi-elemetal analysis in biological samples by on-line preconcentration on 8-hydroxyquinoline-cellulose microcolumn coupled to simultaneous ICP-AES. Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 345, 600-606. DOI: 10.1007/BF00325808

Schubert S., 2006. Plant nutrition: basics for bachelor students (Pflanzenernährung: Grundwissen Bachelor). Eugen Ulmer KG. Stuttgart.

Smith EM (1978) Foliar Analysis Survey of Woody Ornamentals. Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center Research Circular: 30-34

Vance CP (2001) Symbiotic nitrogen fixation and phosphorus acquisition. Plant nutrition in a world of declining renewable resources. Plant Physiology 127: 390-397. DOI: 10.1104/ pp.010331

Vanray B, Vandiest A (1979) Utilization of Phosphate from Different Sources by 6 Plant-Species. Plant and Soil 51: 577-589. DOI: 10.1007/BF02277578

Vetterlein D, Waschkies C, Weber E (1999a) Nutrient availability in the initial stages of surface mine spoil reclamation - Impact on plant growth. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science-Zeitschrift für Pflanzenernährung und Bodenkunde 162: 315-321. DOI: 10.1002/ (SICI)1522-2624(199906)162:3<315::AID-JPLN315>3.0.CO;2-I

Vetterlein D, Bergmann C, Hüttl RF (1999b) Phosphorus availability in different types of open-cast mine spoil and the potential impact of organic matter application. Plant and Soil 213: 189-194. DOI: 10.1023/A:1004467213912

Wilden R, Schaaf W, Hüttl RF (1999) Soil solution chemistry of two reclamation sites in the Lusatian lignite mining district as influenced by organic matter application. Plant and Soil 213: 231-240. DOI: 10.1023/A:1004421501867

Yüksek T (2012) The restoration effects of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L) plantation on surface soil properties and carbon sequestration on lower hillslopes in the semi-humid region of Coruh Drainage Basin in Turkey. Catena 90: 18-25. DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2011.10.001


No Supplimentary Material available for this article.
No metrics available for this article.

Related Articles

Related Authors

 



In Google Scholar

In Annals of Forest Research

In Google Scholar

 
  • Michael Kanzler
  • Christian Böhm
  • Dirk Freese
  • Michael Kanzler
  • Christian Böhm
  • Dirk Freese