Landscape benefits of a forest conversion pro-gramme in North East Germany: results of a choice experiment
Keywords:choice experiment, willingness to pay, landscape benefits, recreation, carbon sequestration, wood production, Germany
AbstractThe article describes the results of a choice experiment aimed at valuing landscape benefits of different kinds of forests in NE Germany by using computer generated images. Preferences for broadleaved/mixed forests over conifers amount to 40-85 euro per year and household, additional visual diversity has a monetary value of about 20 euro/a. This is true for the summer aspect of forests only. The same experiment conducted with winter images reveals no general preference for broadleaves, whereas visual diversity is valued even higher under winter conditions.The results are part of a study which aimed at valuing the impacts of a regional forest conversion programme. Beyond landscape value, the valuation has covered recreational value, the value for climate protection as well as timber production value. The development of landscape values over time can compensate for diminished timber returns until about 2080; afterwards the balance becomes negative. Carbon values are relatively minor in comparison to landscape and timber values.
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