Research article

Landscape benefits of a forest conversion pro-gramme in North East Germany: results of a choice experiment

Peter Elsasser , Hermann Englert, Jacqueline Hamilton

Peter Elsasser
Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries - Institute of Forest Based Sector Economics, Leuschnerstr. 91, 21031 Hamburg, Germany. Email: peter.elsasser@vti.bund.de
Hermann Englert
Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries - Institute of Forest Based Sector Economics, Leuschnerstr. 91, 21031 Hamburg, Germany
Jacqueline Hamilton
National Centre for Atmospheric Science, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom

Online First: March 30, 2010
Elsasser, P., Englert, H., Hamilton, J. 2010. Landscape benefits of a forest conversion pro-gramme in North East Germany: results of a choice experiment. Annals of Forest Research 53(1): 37-50.


The article describes the results of a choice experiment aimed at valuing landscape benefits of different kinds of forests in NE Germany by using computer generated images. Preferences for broadleaved/mixed forests over conifers amount to 40-85 euro per year and household, additional visual diversity has a monetary value of about 20 euro/a. This is true for the summer aspect of forests only. The same experiment conducted with winter images reveals no general preference for broadleaves, whereas visual diversity is valued even higher under winter conditions.The results are part of a study which aimed at valuing the impacts of a regional forest conversion programme. Beyond landscape value, the valuation has covered recreational value, the value for climate protection as well as timber production value. The development of landscape values over time can compensate for diminished timber returns until about 2080; afterwards the balance becomes negative. Carbon values are relatively minor in comparison to landscape and timber values.

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  • Peter Elsasser
  • Hermann Englert
  • Jacqueline Hamilton
  • Peter Elsasser
  • Hermann Englert
  • Jacqueline Hamilton