Research article / INCDS85

Invasion of the oak lace bug Corythucha arcuata (Say.) in Romania: a first extended reporting

Romica Tomescu, Nicolai Olenici, Constantin Netoiu, Flavius Balacenoiu , Andrei Buzatu

Romica Tomescu
“Marin Drăcea“ National Research-Development Institute in Forestry, Eroilor Av. 128, Voluntari, Ilfov, Romania
Nicolai Olenici
“Marin Drăcea“ National Research-Development Institute in Forestry, 71b Calea Bucovinei, 725100 Campulung Moldovenesc, Suceava, Romania
Constantin Netoiu
“Marin Drăcea“ National Research-Development Institute in Forestry, 24 George Enescu, Craiova, Dolj, Romania
Flavius Balacenoiu
“Marin Drăcea“ National Research-Development Institute in Forestry, Eroilor Av. 128, Voluntari, Ilfov, Romania. Email:
Andrei Buzatu
“Marin Drăcea“ National Research-Development Institute in Forestry, 24 George Enescu, Craiova, Dolj, Romania

Online First: December 31, 2018
Tomescu, R., Olenici, N., Netoiu, C., Balacenoiu, F., Buzatu, A. 2018. Invasion of the oak lace bug Corythucha arcuata (Say.) in Romania: a first extended reporting. Annals of Forest Research DOI:10.15287/afr.2018.1187

In the context of globalization, the biological invasions affect all the countries, including Romania, where this phenomenon is increasingly visible in the last years. Besides the invasive forest insects already known to be established in Romania, a new species - Corythucha arcuata (Say, 1832), commonly known as the oak lace bug and originating in North America, appeared in the last years. It was reported for the first time in Romania in 2015, and it spread across the country in 2016-2017. In order to detect the species and to draw its distribution area, a species identification sheet, as well as a working protocol were developed, considering the insect morphology and the type of attack. During the vegetation seasons 2016 and 2017, the species was found in 67 out of the 124 surveyed locations, mainly in the southern and western parts of the country, but also in the eastern part. The main host species of the oak lace bug were Quercus robur, Q. petraea, Q. cerris, Q. frainetto, and Q. pubescens. It attacked the host trees in all habitats (tree stands, parks, nurseries, isolated trees etc.) and the intensity of attack varied from 1% to 100% of the leaves.

Barber N.A., 2010. Light environment and leaf characteristics affect distribution of Corythuca arcuata (Hemiptera: Tingidae). Environ. Entomol. 39(2): 492-497. DOI: 10.1603/ EN09065 Bălăcenoiu F, Alexandru A, Guţu F., 2017. Depistarea speciilor de insecte forestiere invazive în sud-estul ţării - rezultate preliminare [Detection of invasive forest insect species in the south-east of the country - preliminary results]. Cel de-al XXVII-lea Simpozion Național al Societății Lepidopterologice Române, 07-08 aprilie 2017, Cluj-Napoca. Bernardinelli, I., P. Zandigiacomo, 2000. Prima segnalazione di Corythucha arcuata (Say) (Heteroptera, Tingidae) in Europa [First record of the oak lace bug Corythucha arcuata (Say) (Heteroptera, Tingidae) in Europe]. Informatore Fitopatologico, 50(12): 47–49. Bernardinelli, I., 2006a. European host plants and potential distribution of Coryhucha arcuata (Say) (Heteroptera: Tingidae). In: Biotic damage in forests. Proceedings of the IUFRO WP 7.03.10 Symposium held in Mátrafüred, Hungary, 12–16 September, 2004. Ed. by Csóka Gy, Hirka A, Koltay A, Hungarian Forest Research Institute, Mátrafüred, 10–17. Bernardielli I., 2006b. Potential host plants of Corythucha arcuata (Het., Tingidae) in Europe: a laboratory study. Journal of applied entomology. Volume 130 issue 9-10: 480-484. Çerçi B., Koçak Ö. 2016. Contribution to the knowledge of Heteroptera (Hemiptera) fauna of Turkey. Journal of Insect Biodiversity 4 (15): 1-18. DOI: 10.12976/jib/2016.4.15 Chireceanu, C., Teodoru, A., Chiriloaie, A., 2017a. First record of oak lace bug Corythucha arcuata (Tingidae: Heteroptera) in Romania. 7th ESENIAS Workshop with Scientific Conference, 28-30 March 2017, Sofia, Bulgaria. Chireceanu, C., Teodoru, A., Chiriloaie, A., 2017b. New records of the oak lace bug Corythucha arcuata (Say, 1832) (Hemiptera: Tingidae) in Southern Romania. Acta zool. bulg., Suppl. 9, 2017: 297-299. Connell, W.A., J.H. Beacher, 1947. Life history and control of the oak lace bug. Bulletin of the University of Delaware Agricultural Experiment Station. 265: 28. Csepelényi M., Hirka A., Szénási Á., Mikó Á., Szőcs L., Csóka G. 2017a. Az inváziós tölgy csipkéspoloska [Corythucha arcuata (Say, 1832)] gyors terjeszkedése és tömeges fellépése Magyarországon [Rapid area expansion and mass occurrences of the invasive oak lace bug [Corythucha arcuata (Say 1932)] in Hungary]. Erdészettudományi Közlemények 7 (2): 127-134. (In Hungarian, English summary). DOI: 10.17164/EK.2017.009 Csepelényi M., Hirka A., Mikó Á., Szalai Á., Csóka Gy. 2017b. A tölgy-csipkéspoloska (Corythucha arcuata) 2016/2017-es áttelelése Délkelet-Magyarországon. [Overwintering success of the oak lace bug (Corythucha arcuata) in 2016/2017 at South-eastern Hungary]. Növényvédelem 78 (53) 7: 285-288. Csóka G., Hirka A., Somlyai M., 2013. A tölgy csipkéspoloska (Corythuca arcuata Say, 1832 – Hemiptera, Tingidae) első észlelése Magyarországon [First record of oak lace bug (Corythuca arcuata Say, 1832) in Hungary]. Növényvédelem 49 (7): 293-296. Dioli P., Forini I.G. Moretti M., Salvetti M., 2007. Note sulla distribuzione di Corythucha arcuata (Insecta, Heteroptera, Tingidae) in Cantone Ticino (Svizzera), Valtellina e alto Lario (Lombardia, Italia). Il Naturalista Valtellinese, 18: 59-68. Dobreva M., Simov N., Georgiev G., Mirchev P., Georgieva M., 2013. First Record of Corythucha arcuata (Say) (Heteroptera: Tingidae) on the Balkan Peninsula. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 65 (3): 409-412. Don, I., Don, C.D., Sasu, L.R., Vidrean, D., Brad, M.L. 2016. Insect pests on the trees and shrubs from the Macea Botanical garden. Studia Universitatis 'Vasile Goldiş' Arad Seria Ştiinţe Inginereşti şi Agro-Turism 11 (2): 23-28. Forester B., Giacalone I., Moretti M., Diolt P., Waremelinger B., 2005. Die amerikanische Eichennetzwanze Corythucha arcuata (Say) (Heteroptera, Tingidae) hat die Südschweiz erreicht [The American oak lace bug Corythucha arcuata (Say) (Heteroptera, Tingidae) has reached southern Switzerland]. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique Suisse, 78: 317-323. Gancz V., Apostol J., Marcu C., Doniţă N., Bandiu. C, Biriş I.A., 2008. Harta pădurilor pe unităţi ecosistemice [Forest Map of Romania-based on forest ecosystem types]. Editura Silvică, Bucureşti. Golub, V.B., Soboleva, V.A., 2018. Morphological differences between Stephanitis pyri, Corythucha arcuata and C. ciliata (Heteroptera: Tingidae) distributed in the south of the European part of Russia. Zoosystematica Rossica 27(1): 142–145. Gutue C., 2018. Monitorizarea și combatarea dăunătorilor plantelor dendrofloricole din zonele urbane [Monitoring and combating pests of dendrofloric plants in urban areas]. Abstract of the PhD thesis. Hrašovec, B. Posarić, D., Lukić, I., Pernek, M., 2013. Prvi nalaz hrastove mrežaste stjenice (Corythucha arcuata) u hrvatskoj [First record of oak lace bug (Corythucha arcuata) in Croatia]. Šumarski list, 9–10: 499–503. IFN, 2018: National Forest Inventor Results – Cycle II 2013-2018: Forest Jurc, M., Jurc, D., 2017. Prvi nalaz i početak širenja hrastove mrežaste stjenice, Corythucha arcuata (Say, 1832) (Heteroptera: Tingidae), u Sloveniji [The first record and the beginning the spread of oak lace bug, Corythucha arcuata (Say, 1832) (Heteroptera: Tingidae), in Slovenia]. Šumarski list, 9–10: 485–488. Kay, A.D., Schade J.D., Ogdahl M., Wesserle E.O., Hobbie S.E., 2007. Fire effects on insect herbivore in an oak savanna: the role of light and nutrients. Ecological Entomology 32: 754-761. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2311.2007.00925.x Küçükbasmaci I., 2014. Two new invasive species recorded in Kastamonu (Turkey): Oak lace bug [Corythucha arcuata (Say, 1832)] and sycamore lace bug [Corythucha ciliata (Say, 1832)] (Heteroptera: Tingidae). Journal of Entomology and Nematology 6 (8): 104-111. DOI: 10.5897/JEN2014.0102 Mutun S., 2003. First report of the oak lace bug, Corythucha arcuata (Say, 1832) (Heteroptera: Tingidae) from Bolu, Turkey. Israelian Journal of Zoology 49: 323-324. Muntun S., Ceyhan Z., Sözen C., 2009. Invasion by the oak lace bug, Corythucha arcuata (Say) (Heteroptera: Tingidae), in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 33: 263-268. Neimorovets, V.V., Shchurov, V.I., Bondarenko, A.S., Skvortsov, M.M., Konstantinov, F.V., 2017. First Documented Outbreak and New Data on the Distribution of Corythucha arcuata (Say, 1832) (Hemiptera: Tingidae) in Russia. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 9: 139-142. Neţoiu C., Tomescu R., 2006. Moliile miniere ale salcimului (Parectopa robiniella Clemens - 1863 şi Phyllonorycter robiniella Clemens - 1859, Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae). Analele ICAS 49: 119-131. Olenici, N., Duduman, M.L., Olenici, V., Bouriaud, O., Tomescu, R., Rotariu, C., 2011. The first outbreak of Ips duplicatus in Romania. In: Delb, H., Pontuali, S. (eds.): Biotic Risks and Climate Change in Forests. Proceedings of the Working Party 7.03.10 Methodology of Forest Insect and Disease Survey in Central Europe, 10th Workshop September 20th-23rd, 2010, Freiburg, Germany. Berichte Freiburger Forstliche Forschung, Heft 89, FVA, pp. 135-140. Olenici N., Duduman M.-L., 2016. New records of some invasive forest insect species in Romania. Bucovina Forestieră 16(2): 161-174. DOI: 10.4316/bf.2016.015 Pap, P., Drekić, M., Poljaković-Pajnik, L., Marković, M., Vasić, V., 2015. Monitoring zdravstvenog stanja suma na territoriji Vojvodine u 2015. Godini [Forest health monitoring in Vojvodina in 2015]. Topola, 195/196: 117–133. Pașol, P., Dobrin, I., Frăsin, L., 2007. Tratat de entomologie special [Treatise of special entomology]. Dăunătorii culturilor horticole. Editura Ceres, 408 p. Rădac, I.-A., Pintilioaie, A.-M., Manci, C.-O., Rakosy, L., 2017. Prima semnalare a speciilor Amphiareus obscuriceps (Poppius, 1909) şi Corythucha arcuata (Say, 1832) în România [The first report of Amphiareus obscuriceps (Poppius, 1909) and Corythucha arcuata (Say, 1832) in Romania.]. Cel de-al XXVII-lea Simpozion Național al Societății Lepidopterologice Române, 07-08 aprilie 2017, Cluj-Napoca. Simionescu, A., Dissescu, G., Ștefănescu, M., Ceianu, I., Arsenescu, M., Petrescu, M., Popescu, T., Ene, M., Savu, D., Dumitrescu, E., Rădoi, D., 1971. Dăunătorii pădurilor – cunoaștere, prevenire, combatere [Forest pests - identification, prevention, control]. Editura Ceres, București, 520 p. Simov N., Grozeva S., Langourov M., Georgieva M., Mirchev P., Georgiev G., 2018. Rapid expansion of the Oak lace bug Corythucha arcuata (Say, 1832) (Hemiptera: Tingidae) in Bulgaria. Historia Naturalis Bulgarica 27: 51-55. Tomescu R., Nețoiu C., 2016. Raport privind activitățile desfășurate în cadrul lucrării Asistență tehnică privind prevenirea și combaterea integrată a dăunătorilor din pădurile de foioase [Report on the activities under the study Technical support on integrated prevention and cambat of pests of deciduous forests] Vilá, M., Hulme, P.E. 2017. Impact of biological invasions on ecosystem services. Springer, Cham. 354 p. Zar, J.H. 2010. Biostatistical analysis. Fifth edition. Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA, 944 p.

Supporting Information
No metrics available for this article.