Concentrations of three rare elements in the hydrological cycle and soil of a mountainous fir forest


  • Panagiotis Michopoulos HAO DEMETER Institute of Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems Terma Alkmanos, Athens 115 28, Greece
  • Marios Kostakis Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens 157 71, Greece
  • Athanassios Bourletsikas H.A.O. DEMETER-Institute of Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems and Forest products Technology, Terma Alkmanos, Athens 115 28, Greece
  • Kostas Kaoukis H.A.O. DEMETER-Institute of Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems and Forest products Technology, Terma Alkmanos, Athens 115 28, Greece
  • Ioannis Pasias Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens 157 71, Greece
  • Theodoros Grigoratos Environmental Pollution Control Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki 541 24, Greece
  • Nikolaos Thomaidis Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens 157 71, Greece
  • Constantini Samara Environmental Pollution Control Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki 541 24, Greece



Sb, Se, V, bulk deposition, throughfall, soil solution, streamflow, soil


In this work, the concentrations of three rare trace elements, antimony (Sb), selenium (Se), and vanadium (V) were determined in the hydrological cycle and soil of a mountain fir forest. The three elements were significantly enriched in throughfall compared to the bulk deposition. Dry deposits, either in particles or vapor form, are probably the cause of this. It was found that for the enrichment of rain with Sb and Se long range transport played a more important role compared to V. The latter had a significant relation with marine derived ions, a rather unexpected finding. Apart from dry deposition coming from long distances, all elements were enriched with continental material. The concentrations of the three elements in soils were close to the average values reported in literature. In addition, their concentrations in the streamflow water were far below the tolerable drinking water limits set up by the World Health Organization and national authorities


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