Research article

A comparison of soil respiration, carbon balance and root carbon use efficiency in two managed Moso bamboo forests in subtropical China

Xiaolu Tang, Shaohui Fan , Lianghua Qi, Fengying Guan, Wenhui Su, Manyi Du

Xiaolu Tang
Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science, International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, Wangjing, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100102, China; Department of Forest Inventory and Remote Sensing, Burckhardt Institute, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
Shaohui Fan
Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science, International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, Wangjing, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100102, China. Email: fansh@icbr.ac.cn
Lianghua Qi
Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science, International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, Wangjing, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100102, China
Fengying Guan
Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science, International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, Wangjing, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100102, China
Wenhui Su
Key Laboratory of Bamboo and Rattan Science, International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan, Wangjing, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100102, China
Manyi Du
Experimental Center of Forestry in North China, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 102300, China

Online First: January 28, 2016
Tang, X., Fan, S., Qi, L., Guan, F., Su, W., Du, M. 2016. A comparison of soil respiration, carbon balance and root carbon use efficiency in two managed Moso bamboo forests in subtropical China. Annals of Forest Research DOI:10.15287/afr.2016.497


Moso bamboo forest (Phyllostachys heterocycla [Carr.] Mitford cv. Pubescens) is an important forest type in subtropical China and comprises an important pool in the global carbon cycle. Understanding the effects of the stand management, such as understory removal, on soil respiration (RS) will help to provide a more accurate estimation of carbon cycling and predict future climate change. The study aimed to compare RS and net ecosystem production (NEP) in two Moso bamboo forests managed by the application of herbicide (AH) and conventional hand-weeded (HW) treatment, and further examine their root carbon use efficiency (RCUE). Trenching and litter removal were used to partition the source components of RS and one-year field measurement was conducted. Maximum-minimum approach was used to estimate fine root production. NEP was determined by the balance between NPP of vegetation and heterotrophic respiration (RH) of soil. RCUE was calculated using an indirect method. In both stands, soil temperature and soil moisture at 5 cm depth were the main driving forces to the seasonality of RS. Annual RS was 31.6 t CO2 ha-1 for the stand AH and 33.9 t CO2 ha-1 for the stand HW, while net ecosystem production (NEP) were 21.9 and 21.1 t CO2 ha-1, respectively, indicating that the both Moso bamboo stands acted as carbon sinks in the scenarios of current climate change. The RCUE was 30.6% for the stand AH, which was significantly lower than that for the stand HW (58.8%). This result indicates that different stand management practices can alter RCUE and the assumed constant universal carbon use efficiency (CUE) of 50% is not appropriate in Moso bamboo forests. This study highlight the importance of partition the source components of RS and accurate estimation of RCUE in modelling carbon cycling in Moso bamboo forests.


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