A conversion method of young hornbeam coppices and its possible impact on future stand structural attributes


  • Cezar Tulbure Transilvania University, Faculty of Silviculture and Forest Engineering, Şirul Beethoven 1, 500123 Braşov, România
  • Gabriel Duduman Faculty of Forestry, University ‘Ştefan cel Mare’ Suceava, Universităţii 13, 720229 Suceava, România, Central-East European Regional Offi ce of the European Forest Institute (EFICEEC), Universităţii 13, Suceava, 720229, România




forest species substitution, forest conversion, forest management, hornbeam coppice, high forest, biodiversity


The paper analyse the substitution of hornbeam coppice stands and conversion into high forest stands, formed by species that better valorise the site conditions. An improved alternative for the method of substitution in corridors is presented. The main goal of this new substitution-conversion alternative is to gradually conduct the actual structure of the coppice stands towards the target structure imposed by the forest management objectives, without a total elimination of the species that will be substituted. Two plot areas were selected in order to put into practice the proposed method. Bands were created for reducing the effective costs of the substitution process. 450 respectively 468, small seedlings (of beech, pedunculate oak and sessile oak) per hectare were planted in the created bands. The planting scheme took into account the shadow tolerance of the species from the target composition. Based on the field data and using the yield tables, the evolution of the stands in the two selected plots was simulated. In this respect, the forest treatments were parameterized according to the Romanian forest rules regarding the application of thinning and regeneration cuttings. The substitution-conversion process started from an almost pure hornbeam coppice and, simulating the application of the proposed method for 120 years, it was predicted that the method allows directing the actual stand structure to the target structure. The dynamics of species and structural diversity were assessed and the results of 120 years simulation indicate an important increase of both the species (the Shannon species index increases from 0.203 to 1.073) and structural diversity (the Gini structural index increases from 0.032 to 0.200). 






Research article