Above-ground biomass allocation and potential carbon sink of black pine – a case study from southern Poland


  • Wojciech Ochał University of Agriculture in Krakow Faculty of Forestry Department of Forest Resources Management
  • Bogdan Wertz University of Agriculture in Krakow Faculty of Forestry Department of Forest Resources Management
  • Stanisław Orzeł University of Agriculture in Krakow Faculty of Forestry Department of Forest Resources Management




Pinus nigra, Allometric biomass model, Carbon sequestration, Biomass expansion factor, Tree social status, Biomass accumulation


Biomass allocation is a key factor for understanding the forest carbon balance and reflects plants’ ecological strategies in different environmental conditions. Allocation patterns and biomass models outside of the native range of black pine have not been analyzed in the context of the observed climate changes. The study's goals were to develop biomass equations for mature black pine from southern Poland and assess biomass and carbon allocation patterns and the potential of trees of different social statuses for carbon sequestration. A total of 129 felled black pine trees were measured, among which 14 were destructively sampled to determine biomass and carbon content in tree components. The developed set of biomass equations provided allocation patterns and accumulation of trees of different social statuses.Biomass and carbon allocation patterns were different but related to tree social status. The introduction of diameter at crown base significantly improved the accuracy of the developed models. The analyzed trees allocated relatively more in stem than in crown in comparison with that observed in other studies.Biomass and carbon allocation patterns of the analyzed black pines differ from those of the native range. They should be considered in biomass modeling with factors influencing social status structure.

Author Biography

Bogdan Wertz, University of Agriculture in Krakow Faculty of Forestry Department of Forest Resources Management



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